Iodine is a chemical element, playing a vital role in thyroid. Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism in every cell of the body and play an important role in almost all physiological functions. The human body contains approximately 20 to 30 mg of iodine, most of which is stored in the thyroid gland.
Iodine rich foods provide iodine, which is necessary for normal functioning of the thyroid gland. Iodine has several other physiological functions. It can help fight bacteria and that is why it is used as a skin disinfectant. Some foods are naturally high in iodine. Which are iodine rich foods?
A list of iodine rich foods. Iodine deficiency and overdose.
- Seaweed, especially brown seaweed, are some of the richest natural sources of iodine. Seaweed are sources vitamin K, vitamin B, magnesium. Furthermore Seaweed contain good amounts of lignans – plant components with a cancer-protective properties.
- Fish is also one of the iodine rich foods. It is rich in phosphorus – an important element of the activity of the
central nervous system. Iodine of marine fish is valuable for the thyroid gland.
- Onion is a great natural source of iodine too. Onions are widely used both in cooking and medicine. It contains
anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antioxidant ingredients such as quercetin.
- Garlic also has a lot of healing properties. It contains phosphorus, calcium, iron, iodine, sulfur, chlorine.
- Honey is another familiar tool against many diseases. It is very rich in minerals – calcium, potassium, sodium,
iron, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, iodine.
- Walnuts are also a rich source of iodine. The leaves of the walnut also have a large content of iodine. The leaves are used to make a tea.
- Aronia is a perennial shrub. Its fruits also contain iodine.
- Beetroot is an extremely healthy food that contains iodine. Beetroot contains minerals (potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, sulfur, iodine), small amounts of vitamin C, carotene, vitamins B1, B2 and B12.
- Other iodine rich foods are unpeeled baked potatoes, milk, shrimp, turkey breast, beans, etc.
Iodine deficiency increases the risk of delays in brain development of children, increased cholesterol, drowsiness, fatigue, fatigue, depression, weight gain, swelling of the thyroid gland. The disease goiter or enlargement of the thyroid gland, is usually one of the early symptoms of iodine deficiency.
On the other hand, iodine overdose can lead to hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland).
Attention: Before you follow any diet, consult your doctor!