Bacterial diseases are infectious diseases, which are caused by various microorganisms – bacteria. Bacterial diseases list is a long list. Bacteria are tiny life forms that can be seen only with the aid of a microscope. Other microorganisms are viruses, some fungi and some parasites. The most significant amount of microorganisms is in the skin and intestine of the human body.
What includes bacterial diseases list and which types of bacteria are known?
Bacterial diseases list and types of bacteria
There are many diseases caused by bacteria. According to the ability to cause disease in humans, there are tree types of bacteria:
- Pathogenic bacteria
- Conditionally pathogenic
Many human diseases are caused by pathogenic bacteria – bacteria that cause infections. The bacteria may be a gram positive (e.g., streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci) and gram negative bacteria (e.g., Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, Proteus).
Many species of bacteria living in the human organism are normal inhabitants of the skin, the oral cavity, the gastro – intestinal tract, uro – genital system. The vast majority of microorganisms that live in the human, are harmless or even beneficial. These include bacteria, which help to produce certain vitamins, digestion of food and absorption of nutrients.
Different diseases are caused by pathogenic bacteria in a healthy organism. Infection can occur in different ways: through direct contact with an infected person, through dirty hands, through unwashed fruits and vegetables, contaminated food or water, insect bites, etc.
Bacterial diseases list
Bacterial diseases list include a large number of diseases and infections. Here are some of the most common.
- Lyme disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi
- Acute enteritis caused by Campylobacter jejuni
- Botulism caused by Clostridium botulinum
- Pseudomembranous colitis caused by Clostridium difficile
- Tetanus – by Clostridium tetani
- Diphtheria – by Corynebacterium diphtheriae
- Urinary tract infections (UTI), Diarrhea, Meningitis in infants mostly caused by Escherichia coli
- Tuberculosis – by Mycobacterium tuberculosis
- Gonorrhea, Ophthalmia neonatorum, Septic arthritis caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae
- Salmonellosis with gastroenteritis and enterocolitis by Salmonella typhimurium
Other diseases caused by bacteria
- Peptic ulcer
- Inclusion conjunctivitis of the newborn
- Cutaneous anthrax
- Gastrointestinal anthrax
- Pseudomembranous colitis
- Anaerobic cellulitis
- Nosocomial infections
- Traveller’s diarrhea
- Meningococcal disease
- Bacterial meningitis
- Upper respiratory tract infections
- Pneumonia, bronchitis
- Pseudomonas infection
- Mycoplasma pneumonia
- Pontiac fever and more…
Sometimes a bacterium causing a particular bacterial disease, but may also cause various diseases. Bacteria emit various exo – and endotoxins that influence certain organ systems in the body.