Autoimmune diseases are a group of disorders characterized by hyperactive immune system, destroying healthy tissue, cells and organs of its own organism. Autoimmune diseases list is a long list.
Thanks to our immune system, our body fights with external bodies and infectious agents. But in autoimmune diseases the individual components in the immune system fail to recognize foreign from their tissues, causing irregular and too aggressive response to them.
Although the exact causes of autoimmune diseases are unknown, it is believed that most of these conditions are the result of genetic factors and environmental conditions.
What is include in Autoimmune diseases list?
Autoimmune diseases list. Most common autoimmune diseases.
Although anyone can develop autoimmune disease, they are more prevalent among women at childbearing age. They can affect more than one organ of the body. Autoimmune diseases symptoms depend on the organism and depend on which part of the body is affected. Here is a list of some of the most common autoimmune diseases:
- Rheumatoid arthritis causes chronic inflammation of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can also affect the tissues around the joints and other organs throughout the body.
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) – a group of diseases in which immune system attacks the lining of the intestines and they are inflamed. The most common forms of IBD are Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
- Type 1 diabetes – immune system disorder in which the pancreas does not produce insulin because the beta cells have been destroyed.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) – systemic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the various tissues of the body.
- Psoriasis is also in autoimmune diseases list. It is characterized by thickened patches of inflamed, red skin covered with thick, silvery scales. The most common areas affected by psoriasis are the elbows and knees
- Multiple sclerosis – chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, in which the immune system attacks nerve cells
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is characterized by development of the chronic inflammatory process that destroys the tissue of the thyroid gland.
- Hyperthyroidism or Graves’ disease is a an autoimmune disease, characterized by the enhanced function of the thyroid gland
- Guillain-Barre syndrome, often called paralysis of Landry, is a immune system disorder, affecting the peripheral nervous system. It is characterized by ascending paralysis beginning of the legs, gradually extending to the torso.
- Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease affecting exocrine glands (mainly the lacrimal and salivary glands).
- Coeliac disease is a disease of the small intestine, where a person has an adverse reaction to gluten.
- Myasthenia gravis is a chronic immune system disorder, characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue after physical activity. The reason is impaired neuromuscular transmission in striated (skeletal) muscle.
Autoimmune diseases list includes also Addison’s disease, Alopecia, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Dermatomyositis, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, Pernicious anemia, Polymyositis, Scleroderma/systemic sclerosis, Vitiligo, Polyarteritis nodosa, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener’s) and more.